Orthopedic Implants Can Make You Walk Again – Condition Apply
Orthopedic implants are the medical devices used by orthopedic surgeons to restore function and relieve pain of the patient’s bone. The person who cannot walk to due worn out joints can walk again after his orthopedic surgery. This involves higher costs- which means there are limited people who can afford this type of surgery.
Understanding Orthopedic Implants
Orthopedic implants manufacturers are producing medical devices which are helpful in bone fixation. Doctors use these implants to replace articulating surfaces in several joints in human body. There can be some bones or joints that might require repair due to some sort of injury, bone disease, or wearing out issue.
What type of materials used by manufacturers for orthopedic implants?
The major and most common materials used by orthopedic implant manufacturing companies are –
Metals such as surgical grade stainless steel, pure commercial titanium, cobalt-chromium alloys are being used for producing orthopedic implants.
Stainless steel is generally used for making temporary implants like internal fixation devices since the metal has poor fatigue strength and liability to experience plastic deformation.
Cobalt-based alloys had vastly replaced stainless steel to produce permanent implants. Nowadays, titanium metal is used for the same purpose. These alloys have more resistance to corrosion.
Titanium and its alloys like Ti-6AI-4V are proven biocompatible metals for orthopedic implants. These alloys form titanium oxide layer on the surface and it may be porous. Abrasion of this layer can result in particles releasing into the surrounding tissues.
Polymers are made by connecting mass number of monomers using chemical reactions. The popular polymer used in orthopedics is ultra-high molecular-weight polyethylene or high-density polyethylene. Till now, polyethylene is the proven best material.
The main issue with polymers is that the material suffers from slow, temperature-dependent deformation under load. Next problem is their progressive wear.
Ceramics like aluminum oxide and calcium phosphates are used in orthopedic implants. These ceramic materials can withstand compression, but brittle and weak to experience tension and shear.
The Need of Orthopedic Implants
Our joints are surrounded by the cartilage that allows them to work smoothly. Osteoarthritis can lead to wearing of cartilage and produce friction between joints when you move. This results in great discomfort and pain. Overweight and other factors can lead to cartilage loss. Orthopedic surgeons opt for these implants when there is no other option left to them.
Types of orthopedic implants –
- Interlocking nails
- Safety locking plates
- Small/large/mini fragment implants
- External fixators,
- Cranio maxillofacial implants
- Cannulated screws and more
Why should people choose orthopedic implants?
Orthopedic implants are used to either help or replace damaged or troubled joints and bones. The main benefit of using these implants made of titanium is that it assists in repairing the broken bone in a limited time period. Aged people over 60 years may not require to remove these plates from their body. The body weight of the person plays key role to decide whether there is a need of removing bone plates. Underweight person hardly see any issue while working daily with these bone plates, but overweight person on contrary, may notice some effects on his routine work.
Orthopedic implants can make you independent. If you are unable to walk due to injured or worn out joints, you can walk again after implant surgery.
Is there any complication in using these orthopedic implants?
It depends how your surgery went. The main issues that people usually face is loosen bone plates coming out from their broken bone after time to time. Such issues require repairing as well. People under 60 should remove these plates due to human growth procedure. If the implants like locking bone plates are placed in parts like proximal femur, foot areas, knee joint, or proximal ulna, then there are chances you may face some issues.
Bio-materials can increase the ion levels in blood and urine, microscopic debris, and inflammation. These things rarely happen but people should be conscious about their moves if they have used these implants.
It is important to consult the best orthopedic surgeon on this matter before taking any step.
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How to enhance your orthopedic health?
At first place, you can avoid use of orthopedic implants by maintaining your orthopedic health. What you can do for it-
- Stay active – Adopt exercises that strengthen your joints instead of giving them stress. Stretching your muscles will be helpful.
- Eat healthy- include calcium, vitamin D, and health supplements to your diet.
- Follow healthy habits – Practice good posture, don’t carry extra weight as it will put stress your knees, avoid tight fitted clothing.
- Practice precaution – when you notice any change in your orthopedic health, take precautionary measures to avoid worse situation. You can ice the area to treat swelling, elevate the area to promote blood circulation.
Orthopedic implant manufacturers are making surgical implants to make people move. If you want to learn about these implants and their working, you can talk to the manufacturing company directly.